⚡ Music Industry, Music Market and Record Industry

¿Qué es y cómo funciona la industria musical?, roles en la industria de la música, características de la industria musical cifras actuales y su historia.

For many of us, music is an almost constant part of everyday life; plays in the background while driving, shopping, or watching TV.

But how much do we really know about the music around us? , How is music created? How do you move from an idea to a product or the different people who make it possible?

In this section you will find a series of articles related to the music industry : the music business , determining roles in the music industry, music market , how does the music industry work ?.

What are the characteristics of the music industry ? What is our music sector ?, Entrepreneurship models in music , the creative industries in New Mexico and nearby countries, creative economy , what are the figures that the music industry handles ?, works related to music and the history of the music industry .

The Music Industry is an umbrella term for all parties involved in creating, performing, recording, promoting, and managing the profitable music business.

The distinction of calling this network of trade associations "the music industry or music industry" rather than "the music business" is based more on the stigma associated with the latter term than on any technical differences.

At one time, when the label "the music business" was frequently used, artists often experienced the exploitation of those who made exorbitant profits from their work.

Today, there are numerous organizations to protect the rights of musicians, composers and performers who organize themselves in a specific sector and generate an industry.

Who are the people who are involved in the music industry?

Some categories divide the many professional careers under the umbrella of the music industry.

However, the delimitation is not always clearly defined, as some roles may span two or more categories, depending on the particular role they are currently playing.

Creative Professionals (Composers):

Creative professionals are the heart of the music industry. Composers imagine a piece of music, its feeling, its words and its meaning. Often times, the writer of the lyrics of a song and the composer of the musical accompaniment are the same, although not always.

Take the writing team of Elton John and Bernie Taupin. For decades, the two created hit songs by combining Bernie's skill with lyrics and Elton's songwriting skill.

Some performing artists exclusively bring to life the compositions of professional composers and never record a song of their own. Other times, performing artists can write their own songs or collaborate to bring to life something infused with their creative abilities.

Performance professionals:

Performance professionals include everyone who makes a recording or live presentation possible.

This includes the main star when there is one, all the supporting musicians and vocalists, and the many staff members managing the details that don't work out.


When most of us think of the music industry, we think of beginning artists who sing or play instruments to create music that moves us.

For solo artists, like Celine Dion, the star is one person. For bands or other groups, like The Rolling Stones, the main actors are the key and permanent members of the band.

Support for artists:

Supporting artists are vocalists and musicians who provide additional musical support for the lead actors. They provide the musical accompaniment for solo artists and sing backing vocals, but are not considered the main attraction.

Often, especially during touring performances, these musicians may perform only one series of shows, while other musicians take their place in others.

Support staff:

Support personnel in this category include each person who sets up the equipment or handles the details necessary to create a successful recording session or live performance.

They can design or install concert lights for elaborate shows, care for and test instruments, transport heavy equipment, or mix recordings to produce a complete track.

Business professionals:

Business professionals include everyone who handles money and deals. While accountants and lawyers are involved in this part of the industry, they are generally not included, as their profession extends to work with many other industries as well.

Key business professionals include publishers, producers, and managers.


Producers put all the elements together to create a music recording or live performance.

They search for new artists or hire existing stars, select songs from a publisher's catalog best suited to the artist's skills, select and manage musicians and technical support staff, create contracts and project budgets to present to record companies , and are personally responsible for completion and delivery of the project.

Roles and activities involved in the music industry process:

Mainly involved: singers or artists, instrumentalists, publishers, record companies , promoters, managers , distributors and retailers.


Songs, instrumental pieces and other compositions created by musical writers or composers, therefore are their property even though they are often sold.


Created by all kinds of artists where singers and musicians stand out (including session musicians) as well as musical groups.

But in these cases they usually have the assistance and guidance of the producer and the sound engineer.


Like CDs or classic vinyls, sold by retailers and owned by consumers after purchase.

At this point, the role played by both the distributors and the companies or entities that take charge of the diffusion, commercialization, advertising and marketing, in many cases they are the same record companies.

Broadcast, soundtrack and transmission:

We are talking about cases in which the recording is a broadcast.

Live music:

Where both the promoter intervene, since he is the one who brings together the artist and the owner of a place. It is in charge of drawing up the contracts.

Recruitment agencies also appear that do a similar task, since they present the artist to the promoters and they are the ones who make deals and schedule presentations.

Artist, Representation, and Personnel Management: Great artists typically hire a number of people from different fields and sectors to assist them with their careers.

For example, the manager oversees all aspects of an artist's career in exchange for a percentage of his earnings. Another case could be that of an entertainment lawyer who assists artists, among other things, with the details of their contracts and with the record companies.

Currently the music industry is divided into 4 macro forms of economic income for an artist, these are:

Licensing and publishing (royalties for use of works and phonograms), Stremaing and digital platforms (subscription and digital reproduction), Merch and products (merchandise, records, products) and concerts and live tours